2 THE CRUNCH MODEL VULNERABILITY UNDERLYING CAUSES VULNERABILITY UNSAFE CONDITIONS DISASTER HAZARD TRIGGER EVENTS Poverty Fragile physical environment Earthquake Limited access to power structures Limited access to resources Ideologies Economic systems Dangerous locations Dangerous buildings & infrastructure Fragile local economy Livelihood at risk Low income levels Disaster (Risk) = Vulnerability + Hazard High Winds Flooding Volcanic eruption Land slides Drought War/Civil conflict Adapted from Blaikie, Piers et al, At Risk, London: Routledge, 1994
3 Child Centred Disaster Risk Reduction An innovative approach to (DRR) that fosters the agency of children and youth, in groups and as individuals, to work towards making their lives safer and their communities more resilient to disasters. It is empowering for children, and respectful of their views and rights as well as their vulnerabilities. Combining child-focused (for children) and childled (by children) activities with interventions geared towards bringing about change in community, local and national duty bearers.
4 The value-added of working with children Children are a vulnerable group Children have a unique and holistic perception of risks Children are effective risk communicators Empowered children are innovative agents of change Children can change behaviours for more sustained development Children are the leaders and decision makers of tomorrow
5 Strategies Awareness raising Capacity building Group formation Institutional development Research Influencing and advocacy across a range of arenas
6 Programme activities Build awareness with children and youth groups about risks and develop their capacities through participatory Hazard, Vulnerability and Capacity Assessments (HVCAs), risk mapping and training on disaster preparedness, prevention and mitigation; Reducing vulnerabilities by providing small grants - support children s awarenessraising and small scale risk reduction interventions Engaging children in producing videos, radio, theatre to raise community awareness of risks and influence local duty bearers to prioritise risk
7 Awarness raising and strengthening the capacities of adults, education practitioners, communities, media and local government for better management of DRR, risk management and child-centred contingency planning and disaster preparedness; Developing DRR curricula and teacher training modules on DRR; Working with Ministries of Education and national DRR agencies to develop school safety manuals;
8 Influencing government to include children s participation in DRR governance structures and decisionmaking processes; Creating opportunities at national and global levels for young people to express their views and concerns on DRR and climate change adaptation; Contributing to networks and alliances on DRR, CCA, EiE and building partnerships with research institutions to document Childcentred DRR practices and impact.
9 Results Children s knowledge of risks and DRR skills has increased Children are taking action to reduce risks in their communities and their schools Children have greater capacity to contribute to disaster response Children s school environment is safer Children are more involved in DRR governance structures Communities are better prepared for natural hazards Plan
10 VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT Hazard map Seasonal calendar Livelihood analysis Institutional / social network analysis Problem tree
12 IDS Communication Date: 22 May 2008
13 Rättigheter som barnen refererade till Rätt till utbildning Hoppar av skolan/mindre tid för skolarbete, försörjning Rätt till skydd mot våld Överlevnadsstrategier, övergrepp, barnarbete, migration Rätt till liv och överlevnad Försämrad hälsa, gå hungrig Rätt att delta och bli lyssnad på I alla frågor/lokala miljön/avskogning
14 Boy 13, Kampong Cham, Cambodia Since the climate has changed, our studies have been badly affected. We have to spend more time helping our family in farming and non-farming activities. We don t have much time to study. Hot weather and drought means our family needs to pump water for our rice fields from sources further away than before which our parents cannot manage by themselves. When the situation is urgent we have to miss school to help them out.
15 Inkludera barn i riskreducering och anpassning Stater har det primära ansvaret Klimatförändring och riskreducering måste integreras i utveckling/ fattigdomsbekämpningsprogram Barnrättsanalyser i anpassningsprogram Barnkonventionen och dess rapportering är en mekanism för att influera nationell policy
16 Opinionsbildande kampanj - Sverige Tema Klimatsmarta barn förändrar världen Primär målgrupp: gymnasieelever Stöd barnarbete facebook.com/stodbarnarbete. Syfte: skapa ett lättillgängligt forum för informations-spridning, dialog och utbyte om frågor som rör klimatförändringen, barns rättigheter och katastrofer. Utbildat unga klimatinstruktörer Länka till politisk påverkan!?